There have been more than 60 bomb threats targeting U.S. Jewish Community Centers in the past month, more than 30 of them since the inauguration alone (i.e., in the last twelve days). Most of these have been domestic in origin (I have that from several sources, include a JCC security head who was told this at an info session with the Detroit FBI office this week).
That number sounds bad—but you don’t really have a benchmark for this, right? I mean, you ask yourself “Well, how often do folks call bomb threats into YMCAs or non-Jewish daycares?”, and the answer is “Basically zero”—so that sounds bad. But then you poke around online, and find that U.S. schools get over a thousand bomb threats every year (in fact, I used to teach at an alternative school, and one of my students—a very sweet and peaceful kid when I knew him—had been kicked out of his last school for making a bomb threat). And how often do schools get bombed? (Actually, bombs are placed at schools more than you think: According to some old ATF numbers, nearly 100 devces are placed each year in schools).
So I started poking around the FBI UCR (Universal Crime Reporting) Hate Crime stats. Here’s a representative sample of annual anti-Jewish “intimidation” crime tallies (“intimidation” is the UCR category that includes, but is not limited to, bomb threats). You’ll note a predominantly downward trend:
- 1996 had 363 such offenses
- 1997: 387
- 1998: 380
- 1999: 420
- 2007: 201
- 2008: 201
- 2010: 201
- 2011: 187
- 2012: 87
- 2013: 152
- 2014: 93
- 2015: 114
(My numbers above are spotty, owing both to gaps in the FBI stats and because I just can’t dedicate too much time to picking around UCR reports tonight.)
I’ve emphasized 1999 for three reasons:
- It is the peak of the available numbers by a significant margin.
- It’s the year of the Los Angeles Jewish Community Center shooting committed by Buford O. Furrow
- If January 2017 is indicative, then we can expect 600 bomb threats this year. And if bomb threats generally correlate to the volume and volatility of anti-Semitic hate floating around out there . . . well, you can do the math.